Takbeer, Tahleel, Tahmeed and Tasbeeh
Right from the beginning of his mission as the Last and Final Messenger of Allah to mankind down to his last breath, Prophet Muhammad Sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-sallam, has taught us hundreds of du’aas (supplications) and ways to remember and glorify Allah (adhkaar). Du’aas and Adhkaar that are simple, yet splendid! Mind-boggling, yet insightful! Lucid, yet marvelous! Precise, yet comprehensive! Humble, yet piercing! We have no choice but to marvel at this glorious Prophet’s humility and worship towards his Creator.
We have entered the blessed days of Dhul Hijjah. The hujjaj have started proceeding towards the House of Allah from every distant land in the world.
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“There are no days that are greater before Allah in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal oftahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.” Narrated by Ahmad, 7/224.
Takbeer is to proclaim the greatness of Allah by saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great!)
Tahmeed is to praise Allah by saying Alhamdulillah (All Praise belongs to Allah)
Tahleel is to declare the oneness of Allah by saying La ilaaha il-lal-laah (There is none worthy of worship except Allah)
Tasbeeh is to glorify Allah by saying Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah)
Another beautiful hadeeth glitters like this:
It was narrated from Nu’man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“What you mention of glory of Allah, of Tasbeeh (Subhanallah), Tahleel (Allahu-Akbar) and Tahmeed (Al-Hamdu lillah), revolves around the Throne, buzzing like bees, reminding of the one who said it. Wouldn’t any one of you like to have, or continue to have, something that reminds of him (in the presence of Allah)?’” Subhanallah!
It is Sunnah to recite takbeer, tahmeed, tahleel and tasbeeh during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.
Muslims are encouraged to fill the atmosphere saying these words aloud in mosques, homes, streets and at every place in which it is permissible to remember Allah.
Men should say loudly and women should say quietly.
The takbeer during Dhul Hijjah is said in its extended format which is as follows:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaaha il-lal-laahu Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa Lillaahil-hamd
Allah is Great! Allah is Great! Allah is Great! There is none worthy of worship and obedience except Allah. Allah is Great! Allah is Great! And all Praise belongs to Him alone!
Allah has created us. He has given us the faculty of speech. Let us use our tongue to glorify Him as He alone deserves to be glorified and worshiped.
May Allah accept our du’aas, our adhkaar, our worship and forgive us of our sins. May He be pleased with us. Aameen.
O Allah! Keep us alive as true Muslims and take our souls in the state of Imaan. Aameen.
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Observances: Sacrifice of a sheep, cow, goat, buffalo or camel, Eid prayers
Ibrahim, known as Abraham in the Christian and Jewish traditions, was commanded by God to sacrifice his adult son. He obeyed and took Ishmael (Ismail or Ismael) to Mount Moriah. Just as he was to sacrifice his son, an angel stopped him and gave him a ram to sacrifice in place of his son. Some people dispute that the son of sacrifice was Isaac (Isḥāq). Regardless, these events are remembered and celebrated at Eid al-Adha.
The Islamic calendar is based on observations of the Moon and the length of a particular month can vary between years. For this reason, predicted dates of Eid al-Adha may be corrected at the start of the month of Dhul Hijja. This is around 10 days before the start of the festival.
Eid al-Adha (Id ul-Adha) is a four-day Islamic festival starting on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (Thou al-Hijja) to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son.
It is not possible to predict the date of Eid-al-Fitr according to the Gregorian calendar accurately. This is because the month of Shawwal begins, and hence the month of Ramadan ends, after a confirmed sighting of the new moon, either in Saudi Arabia or locally. The new moon may be sighted earlier or later in specific locations. Hence, many Muslims in different communities, for example on the east and west coasts of the USA and Canada, may begin the Eid-al-Fitr celebrations on different dates.
Eid-al-Fitr is a holiday to mark the end of the Islamic month of Ramadan, during which Muslims fast during the hours of daylight.
Eid Mubarak or Blessed Eid (Arabic: عيد مبارك) is a traditional Muslim greeting reserved for use on the festivals of Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr. Eid means “celebration” and refers to the occasion itself, and Mubarak means “blessed”; for example, performing the Eid prayer (wikipedia)