Garden of Eden (جنات عدن) in Islam

Garden of Eden (جنات عدن) in Islam

 

Islam

Painting from Manafi al-Hayawan (The Useful Animals), depicting Adam and Eve. From Maragheh in Iran, 1294–99

In Islam, Adam (Ādam; Arabic: آدم‎), whose role is being the father of humanity, is looked upon by Muslims with reverence. Eve (Ḥawwāʼ;Arabic: حواء ) is the “mother of humanity.” The creation of Adam and Eve is referred to in the Qurʼān, although different Qurʼanic interpreters give different views on the actual creation story (Qurʼan, Surat al-Nisaʼ, verse 1).

In al-Qummi’s tafsir on the Garden of Eden, such place was not entirely earthly. According to the Qurʼān, both Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit in a Heavenly Eden (See alsoJannah). As a result, they were both sent down to Earth as God’s representatives. Each person was sent to a mountain peak: Adam on al-Safa, and Eve on al-Marwah. In this Islamic tradition, Adam wept 40 days until he repented, after which God sent down the Black Stone, teaching him the Hajj. According to a prophetic hadith, Adam and Eve reunited in the plain of ʻArafat, near Mecca. They had two sons together, Qabil (Cain) and Habil (Abel). There is also a legend of a younger son, named Rocail, who created a palace and sepulcher containing autonomous statues that lived out the lives of men so realistically they were mistaken for having souls.

The concept of original sin does not exist in Islam, because Adam and Eve were forgiven by God. When God orders the angels to bow to Adam, Iblis questioned, “Why should I bow to man? I am made of pure fire and he is made of soil.” The liberal movements within Islam have viewed God’s commanding the angels to bow before Adam as an exaltation of humanity, and as a means of supporting human rights; others view it as an act of showing Adam that the biggest enemy of humans on earth will be their ego.

SOURCE:

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

The Garden of Eden is spoken about prominently in the Quran and the tafsir (interpretation). This includes surat Sad, which features 21 verses on the subject, surat al-Baqarah, surat al-A’raf, and surat al-Hijr. The narrative mainly surrounds the expulsion of Iblis from the garden and his subsequent tempting of Adam and Eve. After Iblis refuses to follow God’s command to bow down to Adam for being his greatest creation, Allah transforms him into Satan as a punishment. Unlike the Biblical account, the Quran mentions only one tree in Eden, the tree of immortality, which Allah specifically forbade to Adam and Eve. Satan, disguised as a serpent, repeatedly told Adam to eat from the tree, and eventually both Adam and Eve did so, thus disobeying Allah.These stories are also featured in the Islamic hadith collections, including al- Tabari.

 

The Tree of Immortality (Arabic: شجرة الخلود) is the tree of life motif as it appears in the Quran. It is also alluded to in hadiths and tafsir. Unlike the biblical account, the Quran mentions only one tree in Eden, also called the tree of immortality, which Allah specifically forbade to Adam and Eve. Satan, disguised as a serpent, repeatedly told Adam to eat from the tree, and eventually both Adam and Eve did so, thus disobeying Allah. The hadiths however speak about other trees in heaven.

SOURCE:

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

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Garden of Eden (جنات عدن) is the name of a place of everlasting bliss in afterlife.

Garden of Eden is referred to in verse (9:72) of chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance):

Sahih International: Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.

 

SOURCE:

Quranic Arabic Corpus

 

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What happened to Adam according to Islam?

When did Adam, the first human die according to Islam and the Holy Qur’an.
How did the following population continue and expand.
They were obviously out of the Garden of Eden and on Earth.
But where on Earth?
And is the Garden of Eden heaven?
Why is it called ‘Garden of Eden’? Who’s Eden?
Or is it a completely different story.
Please clarify and explain the life of the first humans and how they developed into a civilisation and how this is related to the Garden of Eden.
 ANSWER:
    • Allah made the mountains, the seas and all the animals. He made the heavens, the stars, the sun and the moon. And he made the angels. The angels were like Allah’s servants and did everything He ordered.Then Allah decided to make a man. He called this first man Adam (as). He taught him many things so that Adam(as) had more knowledge than the angels. There was one Jinn called Iblis and he thought he was better than Adam so Allah would not let him stay with the other angels. He was to be called ‘Shaytan’, the Devil.Shaytan blamed Adam(as) for what had happened to him and was very angry. Allah let Adam live in a beautiful place because he was good. The place was called Paradise. It was a very nice place but Adam (as) was a little lonely, on his own all of the time. Allah decided to help Adam(as). He made Hawa to be Adam’s(as) wife. They were happy and liked living in Paradise.

      There was, however, one thing they were not allowed to do. There was a special tree and Allah had told them they must not eat any fruit from that tree. At first Adam and Hawa were very good and kept away from the tree. Shaytan decided to do something very naughty. He told them they were silly to keep away from the tree. He said nothing would happen if they ate its fruit. He said the fruit was delicious and they should try it.

      After a while they began to listen to Shaytan and thought they would have just a little taste of the fruit, just to see what it was like. Shaytan was very happy because he had made them disobey Allah. As soon as they had eaten the fruit, Adam and Hawa realised that they had been very naughty and they felt guilty for what they had done. Allah forgave them But He wouldn’t let them stay in Paradise any more So He sent them to live on earth.

    • “But where on Earth?”when they descended to earth they were separated and finally met again in a place now known as Arafat (Haj grounds in Saudi Arabia) ; Arafat (not Yasser Arafat) is derived from a “feminine” word meaning “She Recognized [Adam]” عرفت آدم , from afar , thus the place where this took place is Arafat valley near Mecca.
      We also know it is in Mecca because Adam was the first to build the Kaba as a house of worship, and the Kaba contains the Black Stone which is the stone that descended with Adam from heaven.
      There is a grave near Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) which is said to be Eve’s grave , the word “Jeddah” itself refers to Eve.”And is the Garden of Eden heaven?”

      Yes it is in Paradise

      “Why is it called ‘Garden of Eden’? Who’s Eden?”

      Eden or Adn in Arabic is the name of a river in paradise.

The whole story of Adam, The First Man

SOURCE:

yahoo answers

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