History of Slavery
The Slave Market is a painting by 19th century artist Gustave Boulanger. It depicts a Roman slave auction and appears to be intended to show the horrific aspects of human beings being for sale. It shows the marketing of seven young people, ranging in age from children to young adults, as slaves. Both male slaves, as well as two of the female slaves, bear a similarity in appearance, perhaps suggesting that they are members of a family forced into slavery by economic conditions. All are wearing tags to indicate their availability as slaves. The auctioneer adds to the sense of horror with his very casual attitude.
13th Century slave market in Yemen
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
That hasn’t stopped slavery
In Niger slavery is also a current phenomenon. A Nigerian study has found that more than 800,000 people are enslaved, almost 8% of the population. Pygmies, the people of Central Africa’s rain forest, live in servitude to the Bantus. Some tribal sheiks in Iraq still keep blacks, called Abd, which means servant or slave in Arabic, as slaves. Child slavery has commonly been used in the production of cash crops and mining. According to the U.S. Department of State, more than 109,000 children were working on cocoa farms alone in the Ivory Coast in 2002. In the Sudan more than 200,000 people, mostly Dinka, have been enslaved in recent years.
In Myanmar an estimated 800,000 people are subject to forced labor.
In Africa with institutional slavery “abolished” in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in most countries, other forms of slavery have become more widespread. Reports of women sex slaves in Sudan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, northern Uganda, Congo, Niger and Mauritania are common. In Ghana, Togo and Benin a form of religious prostitution known as trokosi (ritual servitude) forcibly keeps thousands of girls and women in traditional shrines as “wives of the gods”, where priests perform the sexual function in place of the gods.
In India as many as 200,000 Nepali girls, many under the age of 14, have been sold into sexual slavery. Nepalese women and girls are favored in India because of their fair skin and they look young.
In Pakistan girls as young as nine years old have been sold by their families to brothels as sex slaves in big cities, often due to poverty or debt, but occasionally to pay for gambling, drinking or drug debt. Girls from Afghanistan have been tricked into coming to Pakistan and then used as sex slaves.
Asia is rampant with crimes against women in the sex slave business. Tens of thousands of women and girls, some very young, are forced into the sex business in countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, Burma, China, and others. Thailand is a big offender in this disgusting business. Japan recently apologized for forcing women to be used as sex slaves during World War II.
Israel has smuggled between 3,000 and 5,000 women over the past four years in a burgeoning, illegal sex industry, according to a parliamentary committee report issued in 2005. The women are smuggled across the Egyptian border into Israel and, according to Zehava Galon who heads the Committee Against Trade in Women, these women are “raped, beaten, and then sold in public auctions.” Most of the women are from the former Soviet Union, she said. In other words, White.
The United States has rescued Asian and Mexican women from being held captive as used as sex slaves.
These are just some of the known cases of modern day slavery
Trafficking in human beings (also called human trafficking) is sometimes referred to as a form of slavery. The opponents of the practice point out that victims are tricked, lured by false promises, or forced into a “debt slavery” situation by the use against them of coercion, deception, fraud, intimidation, isolation, threat and use of physical force, debt bondage or even force-feeding with drugs of abuse to control their victims.
While the majority of victims are women, and sometimes children, who are forced into prostitution (in which case the practice is called sex trafficking), victims also include men, women and children who are forced into manual labor.
Due to the illegal nature of human trafficking, its exact extent is unknown. A US Government report published in 2005, estimates that 600,000-800,000 people worldwide are trafficked across borders each year (10,000 to 20,000 into the United States). This figure does not include those who are trafficked internally. This number is probably very low.
As you can see, slavery has its victims in all races, male and female, young and old
the African Connection, ca 1788
|The labor-intensive agriculture of the New World demanded a large workforce. Crops such as sugar cane, tobacco and cotton required an unlimited and inexpensive supply of strong backs to assure timely production for the European market. Slaves from Africa offered the solution. The slave trade between Western Africa and the America’s reached its peak in the mid-18th century when it is estimated that over 80,000 Africans annually crossed the Atlantic to spend the rest of their lives in chains. Of those who survived the voyage, the final destination of approximately 40% was the Caribbean Islands. Thirty-eight percent ended up in Brazil, 17% in Spanish America and 6% in the United States.It was a lucrative business. A slave purchased on the African coast for the equivalent of 14 English pounds in bartered goods in 1760 could sell for 45 pounds in the American market.A slave’s journey to a life of servitude often began in the interior of Africa with his or her capture as a prize of war, as tribute given by a weak tribal state to a more powerful one, or by outright kidnapping by local traders. European slave traders rarely ventured beyond Africa’s coastal regions. The African interior was riddled with disease, the natives were often hostile and the land uncharted. The Europeans preferred to stay in the coastal region and have the natives bring the slaves to them.
“Most of the Negroes shipped off from the coast of Africa are kidnapped.”
Only negroes were the victims of slavery and only Whites owned slaves
The truth is that by around 1626
White slaves outnumbered blacks in the Chesapeake by more than
Twenty to one
And even by 1700 the ration was still three to one
6000 White slaves
2000 black slaves
The gap was closing fast, but Whites were still enslaved in greater numbers then blacks.
The Forgotten Slaves: Whites in Servitude in Early America and Industrial Britain
White children enslaved in a mine in 19th century England. The two on the left are virtually naked. Children of both sexes worked in this manner.
Battered, starving and ill; newly liberated inmates at Ebensee concentration camp are photographed in their barracks following the camp’s liberation by the U.S. Army Reserve 80th Infantry Division. The Ebensee concentration camp was established by the Schutzstaffel to build tunnels for armaments storage near the town of Ebensee, Austria in 1943. It was part of the larger Mauthausen concentration camp network. Near Ebensee, Traunviertel, Upper Austria, Austria. May 1945.
Armenian Children Starving.
The Croato- German concentration camp in Sisak was founded on 3. August 1942. after the Croatian operations in Kozara and Samarica once were completed. This notorious conc camp consisted of special part officially called ” Shelter for the refugee children .” Children camp in Sisak , the largest of that type within NDH (Independent State of Croatia) , was under the auspices of the ” Ustasha movement female lineage” and ” Ustasha Security Service” , under direct control of ustasha Dr. Antun Najzer . During August and September 1942, Croats deprived 3971 children from parents who were selected for forced labor in Germany.
“Brown. Fugitive Slave,” is an article published in his newsletter Africultures is an evocation of runaways through the eyes of Fabrice Monteiro. An article that is timely to commemorate the 163 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in Guadeloupe, 27 May 2011 .
A 1937 photograph of Wes Brady, a former slave. Born around 1850, Brady had been owned by a Marshall, Texas, farmer before emancipation. As a young boy he worked the fields, picking cotton. He recalled “The rows was a mile long and no matter how much grass was in them, if you leaves one sprig on your row they beats you nearly to death.” (quora)
Belgian Congo was one of the most bloody and cruel colonial regimes in Africa. The original inspiration for Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, it was claimed for King Leopold II in 1885 by the explorer Henry Morton Stanley. (usslave.blogspot.com)
A very gay Stanley Morgan poses his enslaved African boy trophy. Stanley was employed by King Leopold to dispossess the Congolese of their land. He copied the techniques of the United States and Britain to seize the homeland of the Native Americans. (usslave.blogspot.com)
Omani history slavery
This French engraving dated to the 1840s shows Arab merchants selling boys in the Muscat slave market. (histtclo.com)
19th-century European engraving of Arab slave-trading caravan transporting African slaves across the Sahara (en.wikipedia.org)
Soviet POW’s starving in a Nazi camp. The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war, about half of all World War II casualties (en.wikipedia.org)
The Bengal famine struck the Bengal Province of British India during World War II. It’s an established fact that starvation was a common problem by the end of WW2, with the Bengal famine of 1943 and Dutch famine of 1944 as some of the more extreme examples. (stormfront.org)