CAPPADOCIA : Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia

CAPPADOCIA : Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia

Cappadocia which is unique in the world and is a miraculous nature wonder is the common name of the field covered by the provinces of Aksaray, Nevsehir, Nigde, Kayseri and Kirsehir in the Central Anatolian region. Cappadocia which is in our days one of the most important tourism centers of Turkey is visited every year by hundred thousands of tourists coming from every part of the world.

Cappadocia was one of the most important places in the spreading periods of the Christian religion. The first christians trying to escape from the Roman soldiers who wanted to avoid the spreading of the Christian religion have settled in the region of Cappadocia which was so suitable for hiding and so they were able to continue their natures and to spread their religions. Saint Basileious from Kaisera and Saint Gregorios from Nyssa had settled in Cappadocia. In 647 A.C. together with occupation of Kayseri by Muaviye Cappadocia has met with the Arabian invasions. Cappadocia which went under the domination of the Seljuks in 1072 has been added to the lands of Ottoman Empire in 1399 by the Ottoman Sultan Yildirim Beyazit.




The Cappadocian caves and underground city in Kaymakli Central Anatolian region, dating back to the 1600 BC Hittite civilization, is the major attraction for foreign tourists. Going through inside narrow caves and passages, one is reminded of the ingenuity of human spirit by constructing such cities underground in rocks but at the same time it speaks of the human brutality as these people went inside underground cities because of fear of attacks by other human beings.



Devrent Valley is situated on the Northern slopes of Aktepe, 1km from Pasabaglari (monk’s valley) and 5km from Avanos. The ruins at Devrent Valley are spread over three valleys which also house several pointed fairy chimneys with large stems.


The Rose Valley is an isolated valley behind Urgup. It has beautiful rock formations with some great hidden rock – carved churches. The most interesting part of this area is the countless tracks connecting the small villages and towns through vineyards and gardens like a spider net. It is always possible to see villagers working in the area and offering grapes, apples or apricots to you.


The best place to see three-headed fairy chimneys. Pasabag, the Pasha’s Vineyard is surrounded by incredible natural rock formations; a spectacular scene



Tiles were made from a paste that was harder and more yellowish than that of bricks but were likewise glazed in turquoise, cobalt blue, violet, and sometimes green, and were occasionally painted with floral motifs and Kufic or Thuluth calligraphy. Complicated tile mosaics (in which tesserae were cut to shape rather than pre-formed) were employed interiorly, especially in mihrab niches, domes, and vaults. The tiles were pressed onto wall and ceiling surfaces in panels after being arranged glazed-side down and coated with a whitish mortar. Outstanding examples of Anatolian Seljuk buildings decorated with mosaic tile are Karatay Medrese (Konya, 1251), Alaaddin Mosque (Konya, 1220), Gok Medrese and Mosque (Sivas, 1271), the Malatya Grand Mosque (1247), and Ince Minareli Medrese (Konya, 1264).


One of the oldest settlements in the area, Cavusin is situated 2km from Goreme, on the Goreme – Avanos road. The Church of St. John the Baptist offers a panoramic view of the village. This church and its paintings date back to the 5th century, making it the oldest church in the region. It had a large courtyard which is unusual for Cappadocia. However this has eroded away.



Uchisar is a troglodyte town situated right in the middle of Cappadoccia. It is named after the enormous piece of rock in the centre of the town, which was once used as a castle. This extraordinary rock is the highest peak of the area with a view of whole of Cappadocia and Erciyes (Argeus) Mountain.



Goreme, an important Christian centre in the early years of the middle ages, was a bishopric administered by Mokissos near Aksaray in the 11th and 13th Centuries. Despite the vast number of monasteries, churches and chapels in the vicinity of Goreme there are not many inscriptions bearing dates. For this reason these religious buildings are mainly dated according to the iconography or architectural features.


Three Beauties ( Urgup Fairy Chimneys )

The most famous fairy chimneys located outside of Urgup at Cappadocia. Three Beauties, the conic rock formations that locals have created many legends about enjoy taking pictures of the fairy chimneys and valleys with rustic colors.






Capadocia Turkey Avanos Fairy Chimneys In Cappadocia

Millennium ago, Mount Erciyes, a massive stratovolcano, went through a series of eruptions that coated a 10,000 mile area in lava-covered ash. Over the course of centuries, wind and water erosion wore away the softer parts, until only sculpted fragments of volcanic rock remained perched atop pillars of hard-packed ash. At Goreme, a valley of dark-headed spears and oddly balanced platters formed – an unusual natural wonder known as a fairy  chimneys.







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