doctor.ndtv.com: The first step in treating hypertriglyceridaemia (high uric acid) is a low fat diet with a limited amount of sweets, regular aerobic exercise, loss of excess weight, reduction of alcohol consumption, and stopping cigarette smoking. A low cholesterol diet would be an excellent option for you. It will help to reduce your blood cholesterol level to decrease your chance of developing heart disease, future heart attacks, and other heart disease complications. Keep in mind these points:
- Less than 7% of the days total calories from saturated fat.
- 20-25% or less of the days total calories from fat.
- Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
- Limit sodium intake to 2.4 grams a day.
- Just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight and reduce blood cholesterol level.
What to eat?
Eat foods low in saturated fat, such as:
- Fat free or 1% fat dairy products – skimmed milk
- Lean meats
- Fish and shellfish
- Skinless poultry
- Whole grain foods
- Certain fruits (e.g. apples, pears & guava)
- Certain vegetables (e.g. cabbage, green leafy and carrots)
- Dried peas and beans. Dry peas and beans also have a lot of fibre, which can help to lower blood cholesterol. Try adding a ½ cup beans to pasta, soups, and vegetable dishes.
- Egg whites have no cholesterol, and you can substitute them for whole eggs in recipes – two egg whites are equal to one whole egg.
- Buy low fat dahi (curd) or make it at home using only skimmed milk. Try topping it with fruit.
- Choose liquid vegetable oils that are high in unsaturated fats – like canola, corn, olive, peanut, safflower, sesame, soybean, and sunflower oils.
- Choose whole grain breads. They have more fibre than white breads.
Image credit: lybrate.com
What not to eat?
Limit foods high in cholesterol, such as:
- liver and other organ meats
- Egg yolks. Yolks are limited to no more than 3 yolks per week
- Full-fat dairy products , whole milk etc.
- Limit butter. It is high in saturated fat and cholesterol.
- Limit sweet baked goods that are made with lots of saturated fat, mostly from butter, eggs, and whole milk such as croissants, pastries, muffins, biscuits, butter rolls, and doughnuts. These are also high in cholesterol.
Image credit: SlideShare
Limit foods high in saturated fat, such as:
- High fat processed meats (e.g., sausage, kheema) and fatty, untrimmed red meats.
- Fried foods
Image credit: slideshare.net
How to prepare food?
When preparing foods, the following cooking methods tend to produce lower saturated fat levels:
- Lightly stir-fry or sauté in small amounts of vegetable oil.
Keep track of what you eat on a typical day. The labels on packaged foods that includes fat grams can help you determine what percentage of the calories you eat comes from fat. As far as your uric acid levels are concerned:
- Alcohol, especially beer, should be avoided. Limit alcohol consumption to 1 drink 3 times a week. Alcohol increases uric acid production by accelerating purine breakdown. It also reduces uric acid excretion by increasing lactate production, which impairs kidney function. Elimination of alcohol is all that is needed to reduce uric acid levels
- Drink 2 to 3 L of fluid daily. Adequate fluid intake helps dilute urinary uric acid.
- Avoid acid forming items like artificial sweeteners, Carbonated soft drinks & fizzy drinks, Cigarettes, Flour (white wheat), Goat, Lamb, Pastries & cakes from white flour, Pork, Sugar, Beer, Brown sugar, Chocolate, Coffee, Custard with white sugar, Jams, Jellies, Liquor , Pasta, Semolina, Table salt(refined & iodised), Tea black, White rice, vinegar.
- Avoid High-Purine foods like organ meats, whole eggs etc
- Consume a moderate amount of protein. Limit meat, fish and poultry to 4 – 6 oz per day. Use preferably good protein food such as low fat dairy products and soy protein.
- Limit fat intake by choosing leaner meats, foods prepared with less oils and lower fat dairy products.
If your uric acid levels are high it can lead to gout, where uric acid crystals are deposited in joints, tendons, kidneys, and other tissues, where they cause considerable inflammation and damage.
Image credit: slideshare.net
Image credit: slideshare.net
Quora: The question is why do you want to get rid of uric acid. Do you have gout ? If no, there is no need of medications or special measures, especially if you live healthily. In most cases, raised uric acid is very common without actually having gout. The most common cause of raised uric acid is usually a bit of genetics along with poor diet and lack of exercise (basically bad lifestyle). Uric acid is probably required for some normal body function at lower levels (That is why god gave us a bit of uric acid. We just don’t know what function it does in normal body). Just having slightly raised uric acid means nothing and does no harm. Also, it has got no relation to non specific joint pains as is a common misconception.
Gout is an arthritis which has raised uric acid which deposits into joints. That happens only in extremely few with raised uric acid. It is associated with red, hot, painful and really swollen joints. Just having joint pain here and there with mildly raised uric acid doesn’t mean one has gout. Only and only if one really has gout, one needs to control uric acid below 6 mg / dl. Unless your uric acid is very high (above 8–9 mg/dl or unless someone has kidney disease), there are very few situations where somebody needs to control uric acid without actually having gout. Obviously, as I have and I will keep on mentioning, uric acid being raised is often a marker of a unhealthy life (not always though) and it’s always better to have a healthy life.
If one is detected to have mildly raised uric acid, just eating healthy , exercising, drinking lot of fluids is helpful. This is because most people with mild to moderate raised uric acid have unhelathy life and it’s good to have a healthy life anyways. If you are healthy and just have raised uric acid, it can be your genes , can’t do much about it. No need to worry , just see a rheumatologist if you feel you are having gout attacks or developing gout. Otherwise no need to do anything.
For detailed understanding, (it is the most important part) please read all these articles and then decide do you really need treatment or just changing your bad lifestyle should be enough (if that is the case).
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU RAISED URIC ACID IN THE PATIENT?
When our body is not able to expel waste, it raises uric acid in the body, which form solid crystals in the joints, which we generally called gout arthritis. There are many things which can slow-down in the removal of uric acid, they are being overweight, having diabetes, taking certain diuretics & drinking too much alcohol. Other less common causes are a diet high in purine-containing items or your body producing too much uric acid.
So you can control your raised level of uric acid level by follow
credihealth.com: To Control Uric Acid By Adopting A Uric Acid Diet Menu According to Credi Blog
This menu indicates what should and should not be consumed to control an excessive production of uric acid. Therefore, below are the foods to eat and avoid as to how to control uric acid through a personalized uric acid diet menu:
FOODS TO CONSUME
- Apple Cider Vinegar: People suffering from uric should take 3 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with a glass of water to improve the situation.
- French Bean Juice: As much as you cringe at the thought of having it but it is the most effective home remedy which should be taken twice a day which prevents the production of high uric acid.
- Cherries: It is not the cherry on the cake that you should take but taken in a good potion since they have anti-inflammatory substance referred to as anthocyanin which prevents uric acid from crystallizing and getting deposited in the joints thereby curing pain and inflammation.
- Berries: After cherries, berries like strawberries, blueberries which are enriched with anti-inflammatory properties are super essential in curing the high uric acid content in your body.
- Low Fat Dairy Products: Dairy products are believed to increases uric acid content in the body. You can always replace milk with soy or almond milk which is rich in protein, paneer with soya chunks and many more. We are not suggesting you to consume any less, just telling you to alter your diet a little.
- Olive Oil: Cooking food with cold-pressed olive oil will help improve your case of gout since it has antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Pinto beans: Pinto beans contains folic acid which is an important substance to reduce uric acid levels. You can even include sunflower seeds and lentils in your diet to help your case.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, fresh vegetable juices, Lime, Celery seed, High-fiber food, Bananas, Green tea, Grains like jowar and bajra and tomatoes, cucumber and broccoli, in particular, can help treat high level of uric acid content in your body.
All these forms an essential part of the Uric Acid Diet Menu. Therefore, if you are worried about how to control uric acid, consume the given products.
Image credit: SlideShare
FOODS TO AVOID:
- Foods rich in purines: There are numerous foods items that are rich in purines such as bacon, mackerel, sardines, shrimp, veal, venison and yeast extract. These are believed to be one of the major causes of high uric acid in your body since they get accumulated in the body and are not properly excreted. Dairy products lead to high uric acid in your body. Having a vegan uric acid diet can help you reduce the levels of uric acid since it is a diet to be followed without dairy and meat consumption.
- Avoid alcohol: As an additional tip, it is advised to avoid alcohol consumption as it increases the purine production in your body and even increases dehydration.
How to Control Uric Acid Through Exercises
Apart from the uric acid diet menu to be followed on a regular basis, if you combine it with some light exercises then it can prove to be super useful. But do not over exert yourself as the exercises should not worsen the situation. Given below are a list of exercises that you can do to answer your query of how to control uric acid:
- Range of motion exercises to reduce stiffness and provide mobility to the joints
- Strength exercises like yoga and tai chi can prove to be super useful. Do not try and attempt complex exercises at the initial stages. Save it for the last.
- Endurance & Cardiovascular exercises.
- Basic stretching exercises.
Takeaway: How to Control Uric Acid
Remember to consume plenty of lot of water, nearly 8-10 glasses a day. Eat your food right to give the nutrition required by body and exercise daily. You will not have to worry about any sort of kidney stones, gout or high uric acid content in your body. Uric acid problem or gout attacks are something which can happen to anyone which speaks volume about the kind of lifestyle we are having. It is better to understand and listen to your body at the early stages in order to avoid any sort problems in the future. Do not make healthy lifestyle a one time, instead make it a routine and see the magic working.
Image credit: donegaldaily.com