PERSONALITY: The Difference Between Introverts And Extrovert. And Their Special Traits Of People Who Like BeingAlone

PERSONALITY: The Difference Between Introverts And Extrovert. And Their Special Traits Of People Who Like BeingAlone

There is  a wide variety of people with their own multicolored personalities, their own unique traits, and belief systems with each of them having their own core values.

Introverts and extroverts are often looked upon in terms of two extreme opposites, but the fact is that most people lie somewhere in the middle.

While introverts make up an estimated 25 to 40 percent of the population, there are still many misconceptions about this personality type.

The trait of extraversion–introversion is a central dimension of human personalitytheories. The terms introversion
and extraversion were popularized by Carl Jung, although both the popular understanding and psychological usage differ from his original intent. Extraversion tends to be manifested in outgoing, talkative, energetic behavior, whereas introversion is manifested in more reserved and solitary behavior. According to many theories of personality, everyone has some degree of both introversion and extroversion. However, people often tend to lean one way or the other.

Image result for traits of extrovert pic Image credit: Mind Body and Soul

Extraversion and introversion are typically viewed as a single continuum, so to be high in one necessitates being low in the other. Carl Jung and the developers of the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator provide a different perspective and suggest that everyone has both an extraverted side and an introverted side, with one being more dominant than the other. Rather than focusing on interpersonal behavior, however, Jung defined introversion as an “attitude-type characterised by orientation in life through subjective psychic contents” (focus on one’s inner psychic activity) and extraversion as “an attitude type characterised by concentration of interest on the external object” (focus on the outside world).

You understand that introverts are easy-going, sociable individuals, tend to be more quiet, private, and introspective. Unlike extroverts who gain energy from social interaction, easy-going, talkative while introverts have to expend energy in social situations. Introverted individuals who enjoy spending their time alone. The people who don’t have a particular need to be accepted and belong somewhere. The ones whose idea of a perfect cozy night requires their quiet time in the comfort of their own thoughts.

There are a lot of misconceptions and stereotypes about these individuals which refer to them as shy, or having lack of confidence. Some even label them as loners.

Introverts and extroverts are often looked upon in terms of two extreme opposites, but the fact is that most people lie somewhere in the middle.

Image result for verywellmind.co introvert picImage credit: YouTube

Introversion is a personality trait characterized by a focus on internal feelings rather than on external sources of stimulation.

While introverts make up an estimated 25 to 40 percent of the population, there are still many misconceptions about this personality type.

Many introverts exhibit extroverted behaviors, and vice-versa. It’s not an exact science. But it is a great stepping stone to understanding a personality type that may be antithetical to yours.

Image result for verywellmind.co introvert picImage credit: Verywell Mind

In introvert, people who love to spend time alone have to explain themselves, as if it goes against a societal expectation of what’s normal and what’s not.

Image result for verywellmind.co introvert picImage credit: Verywell Mind

These are the 17 unique traits which make the personality of a person who enjoys and like to spend time alone, the introverts: 

1.They Are Open-Minded

Despite the general assumption that people who like to spend more time alone are antisocial and shy, these people love experiencing new things and open their mind to new fresh ideas and suggestions.

The difference between them and the usual crowds is that they prefer to do everything in their own time and at their own pace.

2. They Are Extremely Loyal

They don’t very often have a wide social circle and if they do, you won’t find them out every night of the week with large groups, lining up for the hottest club opening. They instead seek out meaningful and trustworthy friends who they feel comfortable to welcome into their space and share details of their life with. If you have a friend who likes to spend time alone, you can guarantee that this person will be there for you through thick and thin

3. They Possess A Remarkable Emotional Strength

They spend so much quiet time on their own, taking the time to navigate and contemplate situations, problems, and to really tap into who they are and what they want. They have a strong sense of self and a confidence that radiates from within. When they’re feeling stressed or the weight of the world is closing in? They spend time alone to recharge instead of filling their day with distractions.

4. They Value Their Time

Not only they appreciate and take their time seriously, they also respect and value the time of others, showing up at the designated time, and never taking anyone’s time for granted.

5. They Exercise Strong Boundaries

They cherish and value the roles of the people in their life. However, in order to manage a healthy relationship with themselves, as well as with other people, they know that it’s vital to set clear healthy boundaries. They will respect yours, as long as you respect theirs.

6. They Have A Highly Developed Empathetic Side

By getting in touch with their deepest feelings, they develop a strong sense of compassion for other people’s emotions.

7.They Are Aware Of Their Imperfections

“Loners” are not obsessed with creating a perfect appearance to the world. In fact, they are totally comfortable with the idea they’re not perfect for everyone. This powerful point of view of accepting oneself is the initial way to spiritual and emotional growth.

8.They Prefer The Company Of Intellectuals

Having in consideration that introverts believe their time to be of precious value, they carefully pick the people with whom they spend time interacting. Extremely annoyed by small talk, these people prefer the company of someone who can challenge their mind.

9.They Nurture A Strong Moral Compass

The people who take pleasure in spending most of their time in the comfort of their own company have a very clear idea of what’s right and what’s wrong.

With taking their time to thoroughly think about everything that affects them, they always come to the right decision with the help of their strong moral compass which shows a high level of accuracy.

10.They’ve Developed A Strong Sense of Intuition

The more they have the time and energy to be at peace with themselves and spend some alone time with their deepest emotions, the closer they are to recognizing their gut feeling, otherwise known as intuition.

11.They Are Independent

These souls are the most independent people in the world. While there’s nothing wrong with being close with someone, connection based on actual codependence is not a part of their reality. They don’t NEED others in their world, but rather CHOOSE to have them around.

12.They’ve Learned Self-Love

It takes time in order to get to know our true self within. But once we achieve self-love and self-acceptance, it seems like the world is at our feet. These individuals learned that to truly love someone one must first master the art of loving and accepting themselves.

13.They Seek The Eternal True Love

They will never settle for less until they find the perfect person who gives them the meaning of true love. While some people struggle with the idea of being single, these souls are certain of what they look for in a partner, and will hold on until the person who meets all their desires finally appears.

14.They Are Courageous

No matter how much difficulties life brings, they will never be afraid to stand up for themselves. “Loners” possess an incredible confidence and courage that other people admire.

15.They Shine With Positivity And Kindness

Their highly developed ability of empathy towards everyone encourages them to look at the world from a positive, more enthusiastic lens.

16.They Are Highly Reliable

Whenever they give their word that they’re going to help with something, have in mind that they had it through their minds over and over and are more than ready to commit. These people will always stand their ground, so you can rest assured they will never bring your hopes down.

17.They Are Very Rational When It Comes To Tight-Rope Situations

Whenever you find yourself in a crisis, these people are the best to manage the situation. Due to their increased awareness and ability to focus they are able to clearly see the severity of a situation and approach it with a calm, rational and level-headed mind.

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Causes OF Introvert

In order to know why some people are introverted and some people are extroverted, it is important to understand the role that your body’s physiology plays. The way that your body responds to the outside environment plays a critical role in determining your level of extroversion and introversion.

On a physiological level, a network of neurons located in the brainstem known as the reticular activating system (RAS) is responsible for regulating arousal levels including wakefulness and transitions between sleeping and waking.

The RAS also plays a role in controlling how much information you take in while you are awake. When confronted by potential threats in the environment, the RAS will increase your arousal levels in order for you to be alert and ready to deal with the danger. Each person has a basic set point in terms of arousal level. Some people tend to naturally have a much higher set point, while others have a much lower set point.

They psychologist Hans Eysenck suggested that these arousal levels could be thought of as a continuum. According to his arousal theory of extroversion:

  • 15 percent of people have a minimal set point, meaning they naturally have low arousal levels
  • 15 percent of people have a high set point, meaning they naturally tend to be more aroused
  • 70 percent of people lie somewhere in the middle of the continuum

According to Eysenck’s theory, introverts are those that have naturally high levels of arousal. Because introverts tend to experience chronically high arousal levels, they tend to seek activities and environments where they can escape from overstimulation. Because of their naturally high arousal levels, they are more alert and take in more information from the environment. Escaping somewhere to have time alone to recharge gives them the opportunity to process and reflect on what they have learned.

Image result for verywellmind.co introvert picImage credit: Verywell Mind

In extroverts, on the positive side, they are often described as talkative, sociable, action-oriented, enthusiastic,friendly, and out-going. On the negative side, they are sometimes described as attention-seeking, easily distracted, and unable to spend time alone.

Some of the general characteristics associated with extroversion include:

  • Numerous, broad interests
  • Likes to communicate by talking
  • Enjoys being at the center of attention
  • Tends to act first before thinking
  • Enjoys group work
  • Feels isolated by too much time spent alone
  • Looks to others and outside sources for ideas and inspiration
  • Likes to talk about thoughts and feelings

Extroversion has been correlated with a number of different outcomes. Among the positive outcomes, extroverts tend to spend more time with other people, spend more time engaged in social activities, and tend to have more friends. Research has also suggested that extroverts tend to be happier than introverts as well as being less prone to certain psychological disorders.

Image result for traits of extrovert pic Image credit: SlidePlayer

On the other hand, extroverts are also more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors, including risky health behaviors.

These are the 5 key traits of extroverts. 

1) THEY LOVE TO TALK

They don’t just enjoy talking to friends, family members, and co-workers; they love to strike up conversations with total strangers. They love to meet new people and learn about their lives. Unlike introverts who tend to think before they speak, extroverts tend to speak as a way to explore and organize their thoughts and ideas.

Extroverts also tend to have a wide circle of friends. Since they are so good at meeting new people, striking up conversations, and they genuinely enjoy the company of others, it probably is no surprise that making friends comes easily.

2) SOCIALIZING HELPS THEM TO FEEL ENERGIZED AND INSPIRED

Do they tend to feel “charged up” and inspired after they have spent some time with other people? Extroverts tend to find such social interactions refreshing and they actually gain energy from such exchanges. When extroverts have to spend a lot of time alone, they often begin to feel uninspired and listless. If given a choice between spending time alone and spending time with other people, an extrovert will almost always choose to spend time with a group.

3) THEY LIKE TO SOLVE PROBLEMS BY DISCUSSING THEM

When you are facing a problem, you prefer to discuss the issues and various options with others. Talking about it helps you explore the issue in depth and figure out which option might work the best. After a difficult day at work or school, talking about it with friends or family can help you feel less stressed out. Introverts, on the other hand, prefer to think about problems and spend time alone after a trying day.

4) PEOPLE OFTEN DESCRIBE THEM AS FRIENDLY AND APPROACHABLE 
Since people with this personality type love interacting with other people so much, others tend to find extroverts likable and easy to approach. At a party, an extrovert will probably be the first one to walk up to new guests and make introductions. It is for this reason that extroverts typically find it easy to meet new people and make new friends.

5) THEY ARE VERY OPEN AND PEOPLE FIND IT EASY TO GET TO KNOW YOU

While introverts are sometimes perceived as closed-off and aloof, extroverts are typically very open and willing to share their thoughts and feelings. Because of this, other people generally find that extroverts are easier to get to know.

Image result for traits of extrovert pic Image credit: Fast Company

Extroversion is more common than introversion and is often valued since extroverts tend to be skilled at interacting with others. This does not mean, however, that one personality type is ‘better’ than another. Each type has its own pluses and minuses, and you may even find that you are extroverted in some situations and more introverted in others.

 

SOURCES:

Wikipedia

Ideapod 

Curious Mind Magazine

Verywell Mind

 

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